Citrine Gemstone Properties 

Design Possibilities

The warm yellow of citrine is perfectly complemented by gold. A beautiful, low-key design is achieved by combining it with other yellow-to-green stones like yellow fluorite, peridot, and moss or green agate. For a regal, high contrast look, mix it with the rich red of garnet. An elegant pastel combination is citrine with its split-complements of blue and violet--using aquamarine and light amethyst.


From the earliest of times, citrine was called the "sun stone" and the gemstone was thought capable of holding sunlight and useful in the protection from snakebite. Its color was associated with gold and it became known as the merchant's stone. It was thought to improve communication and to attract wealth. To the Romans, it was the stone of Mercury, the messenger god, and it was used for carving intaglios.

Metaphysical/Healing Properties

The color of the solar plexus chakra is yellow, so citrine is associated with this chakra. It is thought to have a positive influence that can relieve backache, and combat depression and problems with the liver, spleen, digestive system and the bladder. Some believe that the gemstone can help promote prosperity.

Scientific Description

Citrine is a macrocrystalline form of quartz, as are amethyst, aventurine and rose quartz. It is a mineral based on silicon dioxide.

Natural citrine is rare. Its name is derived from the word citrus because of its pale yellow color (due to its iron content). Most citrine on the market is heat-treated amethyst or smoky quartz. Brazilian amethyst turns yellow at 878° while smoky quartz changes color at a lower temperature (572 degrees to 752 degrees). These heat-treated stones have a slightly reddish tint.

Due to its color, citrine is sometimes confused with yellow topaz, yellow beryl and yellow tourmaline.
Mineral Information Macrocrystalline quartz
Chemical Composition SiO2
Color Golden yellow to deep yellow and yellow-orange
Hardness 7
Specific Gravity 2.65
Refractive Index 1.544-1.553


Gem-quality transparent specimens of citrine with good color are very rare. The best examples come from Brazil, Madagascar and the former USSR. The stone is also found in Colorado, Spain, France and Scotland.
**Please note that all metaphysical or healing properties listed are collected from various sources. This information is offered as a service and not meant to treat medical conditions. NEED4BEAD does not guarantee the validity of any of these statements.